How to Choose the Right Solar Panels: Buying Guide

Are you considering investing in solar panels for your home or business? With electricity costs on the rise, solar panels offer a promising solution to lower energy bills and contribute to environmental sustainability.

However, the abundance of solar PV modules available in the market can make it challenging to determine the best option for your needs.

The type of solar panels you choose is crucial. Opting for high-quality panels from a reputable manufacturer can result in a durable system that lasts for decades, providing significant savings on electricity costs over time.

Conversely, selecting panels from manufacturers focused on initial cost rather than long-term performance may lead to a subpar system that fails to meet your needs in the long run.

Find out How You Choose Your New Solar Panel

We've compiled the following list to act as a reference for making a wise purchase decision. It's essential to remember that a solar panel system constitutes a long-term investment, and various factors beyond just the price should be considered:

  • Energy Needs
  • Panel Cost
  • Location
  • Solar Panel Type
  • Size
  • Panel Quality
  • Efficiency
  • Temperature Coefficient
  • Comparative Cost
  • Durability
  • Reviews

Energy Needs

The initial step in selecting the appropriate solar panels is to assess the amount of energy you need to generate. 

Evaluate your current electricity consumption and determine how much you aim to offset with solar energy. This assessment will assist you in determining the number of solar panels required and the most suitable system for your needs.

Solar Panel Cost

The cost of solar panels is often the primary consideration when comparing options. This cost is influenced by various factors, including the panel's size (in Watts), physical dimensions, brand, material quality, durability (or warranty period), and any certifications it holds.

While cost is a crucial factor in choosing solar panels, it should not be the sole consideration. Opting for the least expensive panel may not result in the most efficient or sustainable choice over the long term. 

Solar panels have a lifespan of over 30 years, emphasizing the importance of prioritizing a high-quality system over the cheapest option. Thus, while cost is a significant factor, it is essential to ensure the overall quality and efficiency of the solar panel system.


The geographical location of your residence plays a role in determining the type of solar panels that would be most suitable. 

In hot and sunny regions, it's advisable to choose panels with a higher temperature rating. Conversely, in cooler climates, panels with a lower temperature rating may be more appropriate.

Type of Solar Panels

When considering solar panel types, there are primarily three options available in the market: Half-Cut, Mono PERC, and Polycrystalline.

Each solar panel type comes with its own set of advantages and disadvantages. It's crucial to select the right type based on your budget, energy requirements, and the expected amount of sunlight in your location. 

  • Half-Cut Solar Panels: Half-Cut Solar PV Modules represent a relatively new technology in the market, delivering enhanced efficiency and superior performance, particularly in high-temperature environments. While they come at a higher initial cost compared to Polycrystalline Solar Panels, their increased efficiency can lead to substantial long-term cost savings.
  • Mono PERC Solar Panels: Mono PERC Solar PV Modules outperform Polycrystalline Solar PV Modules in efficiency and require less space, making them ideal for smaller roofs. They also perform better in low-light conditions, making them suitable for areas with limited sun exposure. However, it's important to note that they come at a higher cost compared to Polycrystalline Solar PV Modules.
  • Polycrystalline Solar Panels: Polycrystalline solar PV modules are the most cost-effective option and are well-suited for regions with high temperatures. However, their efficiency is lower compared to other panel types, which might make them less ideal for installations with limited roof space.


It's essential to consider both the physical size and the wattage when selecting a solar panel system. Ensure that the system is sufficiently large to power all your appliances and that you have adequate space for installation.

The physical dimensions of the panel depend on its power output (measured in Watts) and the type of solar cells used. For instance, higher wattage systems typically require larger panels. 

On average, a household usually requires a 4kW solar system. The wattage directly impacts the system's price, as it determines the panel's output (e.g., a 200 Watt panel generates 200 Watt-hours per hour under ideal conditions). 

It's crucial to accurately gauge the wattage needed; underestimation leads to energy deficiency, while overestimation results in unnecessary expenses.

Solar Panel Quality

Consideration of how the panel is manufactured and the quality of materials used is crucial. Various manufacturers produce panels with differences in quality, price, and efficiency.

Vertically integrated solar panel manufacturers oversee every stage of the production process, emphasizing quality and investing significantly in research and development (R&D).

On the other hand, some manufacturers focus solely on panel assembly, not producing their own cells and typically avoiding substantial investment in R&D. These companies often rely more on manual production than robotics, resulting in more affordable panels.

When selecting a solar panel supplier, it's advisable to check company reviews and history. Understanding the experiences of other clients with each manufacturer is essential. 

Given the substantial investment involved, thorough research is important to ensure customer satisfaction with the product, customer service, and the company's fulfillment of promises.


Prior to purchasing a solar panel, ensure that it holds the necessary certifications. Seek out products certified by reputable organizations such as BIS, ALMM, IEC, ISO, or others recognized in the industry. 

Certifications from these organizations serve as an indication that the panel has undergone testing and received approval for use in residential applications.

Energy Efficiency

Solar panel efficiency refers to the percentage of received light that is converted into electrical energy, directly impacting your system's power generation. Generally, higher efficiency is preferable, although it often comes at a higher cost.

While opting for the largest and most efficient solar panel may seem like the ideal choice, it's essential to align your selection with your actual energy requirements. Overestimating your needs may lead to unnecessary expenses. 

Comparably, you don't need a high-performance option if it exceeds your requirements, akin to not needing a Ferrari for a simple school run when a more cost-effective option would suffice.

Therefore, assessing your specific needs is key to finding the most suitable and cost-effective solar panel for your situation.

Temperature Coefficient

This term relates to the effect of heat on a solar panel's operational efficiency post-installation. As excessive heat can expedite the aging of solar panels, a lower percentage per degree Celsius is preferable, indicating better resistance to overheating.

Compare Prices

After narrowing down your options, it's crucial to compare prices when shopping for solar panels. Prices can range from a few hundred rupees to several thousand, so it's important to shop around for the best deal.

While considering price, prioritize quality and don't hesitate to invest a bit more for a high-quality panel. Make sure to check the latest prices of solar panels to make an informed decision.


The warranty period provided by the manufacturer can serve as an indicator of their confidence in the product. Typically, solar panels come with a 25-year warranty, assuming the company remains operational.

A shorter warranty period might raise suspicions about the product's quality and the manufacturer's unwillingness to take responsibility. While a tempting price may be appealing, exercise caution to avoid potential regrets in the long term.

Additionally, proper maintenance of solar panels is essential to extend their lifespan. Fortunately, they are easy to care for and generally do not require significant maintenance efforts.


Before making a purchase, it's advisable to read reviews from other customers to gauge the performance of the panels. This step will assist you in ensuring that you are investing in a high-quality product.

Find the Right Solar Panel System for Your Home

Choosing the appropriate solar panels for your home or commercial property is a significant decision that warrants careful consideration. 

With the information provided, you now have the tools to select the solar panel system that best fits your needs and immerse yourself in the world of solar energy. 

It's recommended to compare various offers and evaluate different suppliers to make an informed decision.